Research publications

Ouedraogo, R.S., J.S. Pita, I.P. Somda, O. Traore, and M.J. Roossinck. 2019. Impact of cultivated hosts on the recombination of Cucumber mosaic virus. Journal of Virology, in press.

Safari, M., M. J. Ferrari., and M.J. Roossinck. 2019. Manipulation of aphid behavior by a persistent plant virus. Journal of Virology, in press.

Peyambari, M., S. Warner, N.  Stoler, D. Rainer, andM.J. Roossinck. 2019. A 1,000-year-old RNA virus. Journal of Virology 93: e01188-18

Mochizuki, T., R. Ohara, and M.J. Roossinck. 2018. Large-scale synonymous substitutions in cucumber mosaic virus RNA 3 facilitate amino acid mutations in the coat protein. Journal of Virology 92:e01007-18

Safari, M., and M.J Roossinck. 2018. Co-evolution of a persistent plant virus and its pepper host. Molecular Plant Microbe Interactions 31:766-776

Ali, Akhtar, and M.J. Roossinck. 2017.  Analysis of quasispeces variation in single and mixed infections. Virus Evolution, 3 (2) vex037

Simmonds, P., M.J. Adams, M. Benko, M. Breitbart, J.R. Brister, E.B. Carstens, A.J. Davison, E. Delwart, A.E. Gorbalenya, B. Harrach, R. Hull, A.M.Q. King, E.V. Koonin, M. Krupovic, J.H.Kuhn, E.J. Lefkowitz, M.L. Nibert, R. Orton, M.J. Roossinck, S. Sabanadzovic, M.B. Sullivan, C.A. Suttle, R.B. Tesh, R.A. vanderVlugt, A.Varsani, F.M. Zerbina. 2017. Consensus: Virus taxonomy in the age of metagenomics. Nature Reviews Microbiology 15: 161-168

Thapa, V., G. Turner, K. S. Vanderwolf, B. Overton, and M. J. Roossinck. 2016. Using a novel partitivirus in Pseudogymnoascus destuctans to understand the epidemiology of white-nose syndrome. PLoS Pathogens 12: e1006076.

Thapa, V., D. J. McGlinn, U. Melcher, M. W. Palmer and M. J. Roossinck. 2015. Determinants of taxonomic composition of plant viruses at the Nature Conservancy’s Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, Oklahoma. Virus Evolution 1: vev007

Pita, J. S., V. Morris, and M. J. Roossinck. 2015. Mutation and recombination frequencies reveal a biological contrast within strains of Cucumber mosaic virus. J. Virol. 89:6817-6823. 

Peyambari, M., M. K. Habibi, K-B. Fotouhifar, A. Dizadji, and M.J. Roossinck. 2014. Molecular characterization of a novel putative partitivurs infecting Cytospora sacchari, a plant pathogenic fungus. Plant Pathol. J. 30:151-158.

Du, Z., A. Chen, W. Chen, Q. Liao, H. Zhang, Y. Bao, M.J. Roossinck, and J.P. Carr. 2014. Nuclearcytoplasmic partitioning of Cucumber mosaic virus protein 2b determines the balance between its roles as a virulence determinant and an RNA-silencing suppressor. J. Virol. 88:5228-5241.

MacDiarmid, R., B. Rodoni, U. Melcher, F. Ochoa-Corona, and M.J. Roossinck. 2013. Biosecurity implications of new technology in plant virus research. PLoS Pathogens 9:8.

Pita, J. S., and M. J. Roossinck. 2013. Fixation of emerging inter-viral recombinants in Cucumber mosaic virus populations is controlled by the replicase. J. Virol. 87:1264-1269.

Pita, J. S., and M. J. Roossinck. 2013. Mapping viral functional domains for genetic diversity in plants. J. Virol. 87:790-797.

Xu, P., H. Wang, F. Coker, J.-Y. Ma, Y. Tang, M.E. Taylor and M. J. Roossinck. 2012, Genetic loci controlling lethal cell death in tomato caused by viral satellite RNA infection. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 25:1034-1044.

Thapa, V. U. Melcher, G. B. Wiley, A. Doust, M. W. Palmer, K. Roewe, B. A. Roe, G. Shen, and M. J. Roossinck. 2012. Detection of Members of the Secoviridae in the Tallgrass Prairie Preserve, Osage County, Oklahoma USA Virus Res. 167:34-42

Feldman, T.S., M.R. Morsy, and M. J. Roossinck. 2012. Are communities of microbial symbionts more diverse than communities of macrobial hosts? Fungal Biology 116: 465-477.

Stobbe, A.H., U. Melcher, M.W. Palmer, M. J. Roossinck, and G. Shen. 2012. Co-divergence and host-switching in the evolution of tobamoviruses. J. Gen. Virol. 93:408-418.

Min, B.-E., T.S. Feldman, A. Ali, G. Wiley, V. Muthukumar, B.A. Roe, M. J. Roossinck, U. Melcher, M. W. Palmer, R. S. Nelson. 2012. Cloning, ecological and epidemiological analysis of a novel tymovirus in Asclepias viridis from Oklahoma. Phytopathology 102:166-176.

Roossinck, M. J., Sabanadzovic, S., Okada, R., and Valverde, R.A. 2011.  The remarkable evolutionary history of endornaviruses.  J. Gen. Virol. 92:2674-2678.

Okada, R., Kiyota, E., Sabanadzovic, S., Moriyama, H., Fukuhara, T., Saha, P., Roossinck, M. J., Severin, A., and Valverde, R.A. 2011.  Bell pepper endornavirus: molecular and biological properties, and occurrence in the genus Capsicum. J. Gen. Virol. 92:2664-2673.

Morsy, M. R., J. Oswald, J. He, Y. Tang and M. J. Roossinck. 2010. Teasing apart a three-way symbiosis: transcriptome analyses of Curvularia protuberata in response to viral infection and heat stress. BBRC 401: 225-230.

Ali, A., and M.J. Roossinck. 2010. Genetic bottlenecks during systemic movement of Cucumber mosaic virus vary in different host plants. Virology 404:279–283

Roossinck, M.J., 2010. Lifestyles of plant viruses. Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. B. 365: 1899-1905

Roossinck, M.J., P. Saha, G.B. Wiley, J. Quan, J.D. White, H. Lai, F. Chavarría, G. Shen, B.A. Roe. 2010. Ecogenomics: Using massively parallel pyrosequencing to understand virus ecology. Molecular Ecology 19S1:81-88.

Hajimorad, M.R., S.A. Ghabrial, and M.J. Roossinck. 2009. De novo emergence of a novel satellite RNA of cucumber mosaic virus following serial passages of the virus derived from RNA transcripts. Archives of Virology 154:137-140.

Xu, P., F. Chen, J.P. Mannas, L.W. Sumner, and M.J. Roossinck. 2008. Viruses cure plants of drought intolerance. New Phytologist 180:911-921 (Commentary p. 738).

Hammond, T.M., M.D. Andrewski, M.J. Roossinck, and N.P. Keller. 2008. Aspergillus mycoviruses are targets and suppressors of silencing. Eukaryotic Cell 7:350-357.

Irian, S. , P. Xu, X. Dai, P.X. Zhao, and M.J. Roossinck. 2007. Regulation of a virus-induced lethal disease in tomato revealed by Long SAGE analysis. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 20:1477-1488.

Pita, J.S., J.R. deMiranda, W.L. Schneider, and M.J. Roossinck 2007. Environment determines fidelity for an RNA virus polymerase. J. Virol. 81:9072-9077.

Ali, Akhtar, and M.J. Roossinck. 2007. Rapid and efficient purification of Cowpea chlorotic mottle virus by sucrose cushion ultracentrifugation. J. Virol. Meth. 141:p.84-86.

Márquez, L.M., R. Redman, R. Rodriguez, and M.J. Roossinck. 2007. A virus in a fungus in a plant: Three-way symbiosis required for thermal tolerance. Science 315:513-515.

Xu, P., Z. Yuanji, K. Li, M.J. Roossinck and K.S. Mysore. 2006. Computational estimation and experimental verification of off-target risk in the application of post-transcriptional gene silencing in plants. Plant Phys. 142:429-440.

Ali, A, H. Li, W.L. Schneider, D.J. Sherman, S. Gray, D. Smith, and M.J. Roossinck. 2006. Analysis of genetic bottlenecks during horizontal transmission of Cucumber mosaic virus. J. Virol. 80:8345-8350.

Wang, L.J., and M.J. Roossinck. 2006 Comparative analysis of codon usage bias in plants provides evidence for a role of natural selection. Plant Mol. Biol. 61: 699-710.

Wren, J. D., M. J. Roossinck, R. S. Nelson, K. Sheets, M. W. Palmer, and U. Melcher. 2006. Plant virus biodiversity and ecology. PLoS Biology 4 e80:0314-0315.

Xu, P., S.J. Rogers, and M.J. Roossinck. 2004. Expression of anti-apoptotic genes bcl-xL and ced-9 in tomato enhances tolerance to infection by Cucumber mosaic virus D satellite RNA and low-temperature stress. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 101:15805-15810.

Li, Hongye, and M.J. Roossinck. 2004. Genetic bottlenecks reduce population variation in an artificial RNA virus population. J. Virol. 78:10582-10587.

Sulistyowati, E., N. Mitter, S. Bastiaan-Net, M.J. Roossinck, and R.G. Dietzgen. 2004. Host range, symptom expression and RNA 3 sequence analyses of six Australian strains of Cucumber mosaic virus. Australasian Plant Pathology 33:505–512.

Xu, P., E.B. Blancaflor, and M.J. Roossinck. 2003. In spite of induced multiple defense responses, tomato plants infected with Cucumber mosaic virus and D satellite RNA succumb to systemic necrosis. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 16:467-476.

Roossinck, M.J. 2002. Evolutionary history of Cucumber mosaic virus deduced by phylogenetic analyses. J. Virol. 76:3382-3387.

Sivakumaran, K., M.-H. Chen, M.J. Roossinck, and C.C. Kao. 2002 Core promoter for initiation of Cucumber mosaic virus subgenomic RNA 4A. Mol. Plant Path. 3:43-52.

 Redman, R.S., M.J. Roossinck, S. Maher, Q.C. Andrews, W.L. Schneider, and R.J. Rodriguez. 2002. Field performance of cucurbit and tomato plants infected with a nonpathogenic mutant of Colletotrichum magna. Symbiosis, 32:55-70.

Hord, M.J., A. García, H. Villalobos, C. Rivera, G. Macaya, and M.J. Roossinck. 2001. Field survey of Cucumber mosaic virus subgroups I and II in crop plants in Costa Rica. Plant Dis. 85:952-954.

Schneider, W.L., and M.J. Roossinck. 2001. Genetic diversity in RNA viral quasispecies is controlled by host-virus interactions. J. Virol. 75:6566-6571

Chen, M.-H., M.J. Roossinck, and C.C. Kao. 2000. Efficient and specific initiation of subgenomic RNA synthesis by the Cucumber mosaic virus replicase in vitro requires an upstream RNA stem-loop. J. Virol. 74:11201-11209

Sivakumaran, K., Y. Bao, M.J. Roossinck, and C.C. Kao. 2000. Recognition of the core promoter for minus-strand RNA synthesis by the replicases of Brome mosaic virus and Cucumber mosaic virus. J. Virol. 74:10323-10331

Cabrera, O., M.J. Roossinck, and K.B. Scholthof. 2000. Genetic diversity of Panicum mosaic virus satellite RNA in St. Augustinegrass. Phytopathology 90:977-980. 

Xu, P., and M.J. Roossinck. 2000. Cucumber mosaic virus D satellite RNA induced cell death in tomato. The Plant Cell 12:1079-1092.

Schneider, W. L. and M.J. Roossinck. 2000. Evolutionarily related sindbis-like plant viruses maintain different levels of population diversity in a common host. J.Virol. 74:3130-3134.

Roossinck, M.J. H.-K. Hellwald, and L. Zhang. 1999. Rearrangements in the 5’ nontranslated region and phylogenetic relationships of Cucumber mosaic virus RNA 3 indicate radial evolution of three subgroups. J.Virol.73:6752-6758

Cook, G., J.R. deMiranda, M.J. Roossinck, and G. Pietersen. 1999. Tobacco streak ilarvirus detected on peanuts in South Africa. African Plant Protection 5:13-19.

Bananej, K., M.R. Hajimorad, M.J. Roossinck, and N. Sharaeen. 1998. Identification and characterization of peanut stunt cucumovirus from naturally infected alfalfa in Iran. Plant Pathology 47:355-361.

Rodríguez-Alvarado, G., and M.J. Roossinck. 1997. Structural analysis of a necrogenic strain of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus satellite RNA in planta. Virology 236:155-166.

Roossinck, M.J., I. Kaplan, and P. Palukaitis. 1997. Support of cucumber mosaic virus satellite RNA maps to a single amino acid proximal to the helicase domain. J. Virol. 71:608-612.

Palukaitis, P., and M.J. Roossinck. 1996. Spontaneous change of a benign satellite RNA of cucumber mosaic virus to a pathogenic variant. Nature Biotech. 14:1264-1268.

Graves, M.V., and M.J. Roossinck. 1995. Characterization of defective RNAs derived from RNA 3 of the Fny strain of cucumber mosaic cucumovirus. J. Virol. 69:4746-4751

White, P.S., F. J. Morales, and M.J. Roossinck. 1995 Interspecific reassortment of genome segments in the evolution of cucumoviruses. Virology 207:334-337.

Palukaitis, P. and M.J. Roossinck. 1995. Variation in the hypervariable region of cucumber mosaic virus satellite RNAs is dependent on the helper virus and the initial sequence context. Virology 206:765-768.

Roossinck, M.J., and P. Palukaitis. 1995. Genetic analysis of helper virus-specific selective amplification of cucumber mosaic virus satellite RNAs. J. Mol. Evol. 40:25-29.

Gal-On, A., I. Kaplan, M.J. Roossinck, and P. Palukaitis. 1994. The kinetics of infection of zucchini squash by cucumber mosaic virus indicate a function for RNA 1 in virus movement. Virology 205:280-289.

Palukaitis, P., M.J. Roossinck, M.H. Shintaku and D.E. Sleat. 1991. Mapping functional domains of cucumber mosaic virus and its satellite RNAs. Can. J. Plant Path. 13:155-162

Roossinck, M.J. 1991. Temperature-sensitive replication of cucumber mosaic virus in muskmelon (Cucumis melo cv. Iroquios), maps to RNA 1 of a slow strain. J. Gen. Virol. 72:1747-1750.

Roossinck, M.J., and P. Palukaitis. 1991. Differential replication in zucchini squash of a cucumber mosaic virus satellite RNA maps to RNA 1 of the helper virus. Virology 181:371-373.

Moriones, E., M.J. Roossinck, and F. García-Arenal. 1991. Nucleotide sequence of tomato aspermy virus RNA 2. J. Gen. Virol. 72: 779-783.

Roossinck, M.J., and P. Palukaitis. 1990. Rapid induction and severity of symptoms in zucchini squash (Cucurbita pepo) map to RNA 1 of Cucumber mosaic virus. Mol. Plant-Microbe Interact. 3:188-192.

Roossinck, M.J., and A. Siddiqui. 1987. In vivo phosphorylation and protein analysis of hepatitis B virus core antigen. J. Virol. 61:955-961.

Roossinck, M.J., S. Jameel, S. H. Loukin, and A. Siddiqui. 1986. Expression of hepatitis B viral core region in mammalian cells. Mol. Cell. Biol.6:1393-1400.


Roossinck, M.J. 2018. Evolutionary and ecological links between plant and fungal viruses.  Invited Tansley Review. New Phytologist 221:86-92

Roossinck, M.J. 2018. Virus Evolution and Ecology: Role of Viruses in the Adaptation of Life to Extreme Environments, in Handbook of Astrobiology, V. M. Kolb, editor, CRC Press pp 677-682.

Ouedraogo, R.S. and M.J. Roossinck. 2018. Chapter 18, Molecular Evolution, in Cucumber mosaic virus, P. Palukaitis and F. García-Arenal, editors. pp. 207-215

M.J. Roossinck and F. García-Arenal. 2018. Chapter 25. Evolution of Cucumber mosaic virus Satellite RNAs, in Cucumber mosaic virus, P. Palukaitis and F. García-Arenal, editors. in press.

Peyambari, M. and M.J. Roossinck. 2018. Chapter 2, Characterizing MycovirusesinPlant Pathogenic Fungi and Oomycetes, Methods in Molecular Biology, W. Ma and T. Wolpert, editors, pp 13-24

Kim, M. and M.J. Roossinck. 2017. Small Linear Satellite RNAs. in Viroids and Plant Viral Satellite RNAs, P. Palikaitis, ed. in press.

Roossinck, M.J. 2016. Environmental Virology: How domestic viruses impact wild species. Curr. Op. Virol. 19:v-vi 

Roossinck, M.J. 2016. Deep sequencing for discovery and evolutionary analysis of plant viruses. Virus Research invited review

Stobbe, A., and M.J. Roossinck. 2016. Plant virus diversity and evolution. in Current Research Topics in Plant Virology, A. Wang, ed. pp. 197-215. 

Roossinck, M.J. 2016. Evolution of persistent viruses in plants. in Virus Evolution. Weaver, Roossinck, Denison and Vignuzzi. pp. 263-272.

Roossinck, M.J. 2015. Move over bacteria! Viruses make their mark as mutualistic symbionts. J. Virol. invited JEMS article, 89:1-3

Roossinck, M.J. 2015. Plants, viruses and the environment: ecology and mutualism. Virology 60th Anniversary edition 479-480:271-277.

Roossinck, M.J., D.P. Martin and P. Roumagnac. 2015. Plant virus metagenomics: Applications for plant pathology. Phytopathology 105:716-727.

Roossinck M.J. 2015. A new look at plant viruses and their potential roles in crops. Mol. Plant Pathol. 16:331-333

Roossinck, M.J. and F. García-Arenal. 2015. Ecosystem simplification, biodiversity loss and plant virus emergence. Curr. Op. Virology 10:56-62.

Roossinck, M.J. 2015. Metagenomics of plant and fungal viruses reveals an abundance of persistent lifestyles. Frontiers in Microbiology 5:e787.

Stobbe, A.H. and M.J. Roossinck. 2015. Plant Virus Metagenomics: what we know and why we need to know more. Frontiers in Plant Science 5:e150.

Safari, M. and M. J. Roossinck. 2014. How does the genome structure and lifestyle of a virus affect its population variation? Curr. Op Virology 9:39-44

Bao, X., and M. J. Roossinck. 2013. A Life History View of Mutualistic Viral Symbioses: Quantity or Quality for Cooperation? Curr. Op. Microbiol., 16:514-518.

Roossinck, M.J. 2013. Plant Virus Ecology. PLoS Pathogens 9(5): e1003304

Bao, X., and M. J. Roossinck. 2013. Multiplexed interactions: viruses of endophytic fungi. Adv. in Virus Res. Adv. in Virus Res. 86:37-57.

Rodriguez, R.J., and M.J. Roossinck. 2012. Viruses, fungi and plants: Cross-Kingdom Communication and Mutualism. in Biocommunication of Fungi, pp. 219-227

Roossinck, M. J. 2012. Persistent Plant Viruses: Molecular Hitchhikers or Epigenetic Elements? In Viruses: Essential Agents of Life. pp 177-186.

Roossinck, M. J. 2012. Plant virus metagenomics: Biodiversity and ecology. Ann. Rev. Genetics 46:357-367.

Márquez, L. M. and M. J. Roossinck. 2012. Do persistent viruses fit the trade-off hypothesis of virulence evolution? Curr. Op. Virol. 2:556-560.

Roossinck, M. J. 2012. Even viruses can be beneficial microbes. Microbiol. Australia 33: 111-112

Roossinck, M. J. 2012. Viruses can be our friends. Microbiol. Today. 39:100-103.

Roossinck, M. J. 2011. The big unknown:  Plant virus biodiversity. Curr. Op. Virology 1:63-67.

Roossinck, M. J. 2011. Environmental viruses from biodiversity to ecology. Curr. Op. Virology 1:50-51

Roossinck, M. J. 2011. The good viruses: Viral mutualistic symbioses. Nature Rev. Micro. 9: 99-108.

Xu, P. and M. J. Roossinck. 2011. Plant Virus Satellites. In Encyclopedia of Life Sciences.

Roossinck, M. J. 2011.  Changes in Population Dynamics in Mutualistic versus Pathogenic Viruses. Viruses, 3:12-19

Xu, P. and M. J. Roossinck. 2011. Cucumber mosaic virus. In Fundamental Concepts in Molecular Virology, N. Acheson, editor.

Roossinck, M. J. 2008. Symbiosis, mutualism and symbiogenesis. in Plant Virus Evolution, M. Roossinck, ed. Springer, pp. 157-164

Pita, J.S., and M. J. Roossinck. 2008. Virus populations, mutation rates and frequencies. in Plant Virus Evolution, M. Roossinck, ed. Springer, pp. 109-121.

Ali, A. and M. J. Roossinck. 2008. Genetic Bottlenecks. in Plant Virus Evolution, M. Roossinck, ed. Springer, pp. 123-131.

Roossinck, M. J. 2008. Mutant clouds and bottleneck events in plant virus evolution. in Origin and Evolution of Viruses, second edition, E. Domingo, R. Webster, and J. Holland, eds. Academic Press, pp. 251-258.

Roossinck, M.J. and A. Ali. 2007. Mechanisms of plant virus evolution and identification of genetic bottlenecks: impact on disease management. invited review for Biotechnology and Plant Disease Management, CABI pp 109-124.

Roossinck, M.J., and W.L. Schneider. 2006. Mutant Clouds and Occupation of Sequence Space in Plant RNA Viruses, in Quasispecies: Concepts and Implications for Virology, Esteban Domingo, editor, pp. 337-348.

Roossinck, M.J., 2005. Symbiosis versus competition in the evolution of plant RNA viruses. Commissioned review. Nature Reviews Microbiology 3:917-924.

Roossinck, M.J., 2005. Bromoviridae, VIIIth report from the International Committee for the Taxonomy of Viruses.

Simon, A.E., M.J. Roossinck, and Z. Havelda. 2004. Plant virus satellite and defective interfering RNAs: New paradigms for a new century. Ann. Rev. Phytopath. 42:415-437.

Roossinck, M.J. 2004. Evolution of Viruses and Viroids. in The Encyclopedia of Crop Sciences, Robert Goodman, editor. 

Roossinck, M.J. 2003. Plant RNA Virus Evolution Current Op. in Microbiol. 6:406-409.

 Roossinck, M.J. 2001. Cucumber mosaic virus, a model for RNA virus evolution. Mol. Plant. Path. 2:59-63.

Roossinck, M.J., J. Bujarski, S.W. Ding, R. Hajimorad, K. Hanada, S. Scott, M. Tousignant. 2000. Bromoviridae, in ICTV VIIth report, pp. 923-935.

Roossinck, M.J. and W.S. Schneider. 2000. Virus Evolution. Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology Vol. 2: 1109-1111.

Roossinck, M.J. and S. Ghabriel. 2000. Cucumoviruses. Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology Vol. 1: 270-273.

Roossinck, M.J. 2000. Cucumber mosaic. Encyclopedia of Plant Pathology Vol. 1: 269.

Roossinck, M.J. and P. Xu. 1999. Plant Virus Satellites. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences (on-line edition; 18 vol. hard copy edition).

Roossinck, M.J. 1998. The Cucumoviruses, Molecular Biology. Encyclopedia of Virology, second edition pp. 320-323.

Roossinck, M.J. 1998. The Cucumoviruses, General Features. Encyclopedia of Virology, second edition pp. 315-320 Roossinck, M.J., and P.S. White. 1998. Cucumovirus isolation and RNA extraction. Plant Virology Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology, Vol.81, Humana Press, pp. 189-196.

Roossinck, M.J. Mechanisms of Plant Virus Evolution. 1997. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 35:191-209.

Palukaitis, P., M.J. Roossinck, and F. García-Arenal. 1994. Applications of the ribonuclease protection assay in plant virology. Methods in Molecular Genetics, 4. 237-250.

Roossinck, M.J., D. Sleat, and P. Palukaitis. 1992. Satellites of Plant Viruses: Structures and Biological Effects. Microbiological Reviews, 56:265-279.

Palukaitis, P., M.J. Roossinck, R.G. Dietzgen, and R.I.B. Francki. 1992. Cucumber Mosaic Virus. Advances in Virus Research 41:281-348.

BOOKS (sole author or sole editor)

Plant Virus Evolution


VIRUS: an illustrated guide to 101 incredible microbes